ABSTRACT. Euthanasia is a debate among lawyers, medical experts and theologians in which euthanasia is an act of facilitating the death of a person. Euthanasia or assisted suicide—and sometimes both—have been legalized in a small number of countries and states. In all jurisdictions, laws and safeguards. Contoh Kasus Euthanasia Pasif yang terjadi pada bayi Nisza Ismail by adnin_ii.

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A key condition in all jurisdictions that have regulated either assistance in suicide or euthanasia is that physicians are only allowed to engage in these acts upon the explicit and euthxnasia request of the patient. To define philosophical concepts, to present historical events, to discuss the relevant attitudes in modern bioethics and law that may be helpful in elaborating practical guidelines for clinicians regarding euthanasia and end-of-life care.

Study included observation and interviews with a sample of 15 GPs and of their patientsof whom were living with terminal or life-threatening illness with and without requests for euthanasia. The main aim of regulating physician assistance in dying is to bring these practices into the open and to provide physicians with legal certainty. The declarations emerged from diverse organizational settings and became more frequent over time.

A recent survey showed that less than half of Dutch physicians would find it conceivable to grant a request for euthanasia from a patient suffering from psychiatric disease or dementia, or who is tired of life. This article does not focus on the arguments for or against euthanasia and the ethical justification of physician-assisted dying.

In Australia, the institution of assisted suicide was repealed in Making decisions regarding euthanasia of animals on the basis of factors other than behavior and health reasons was related to increased personnel turnover. Euthanasia and Mental Retardation: Captive bolt, equipped with a penetrating bolt, is to be used on adult animals, whereas the non-penetrating mushroom head bolt should be reserved for use in calves three months of age or less.

Thirdly, autonomy as to one’s own death is hardly exercised freely. We aim at a better understanding of the. Generalization of euthanasia possibly will end in affecting those who need more care, such as elder, chronically ill or dying people, damaging severely personal basic rights.

The Voluntary Euthanasia Society proposes that mentally competent persons be allowed by law to request euthanasiaeither when taken ill or by advance directive.

Legalizing euthanasia or assisted suicide: the illusion of safeguards and controls

Canada Supreme Court of Canada, I shall begin by asking why it is normally wrong to kill an innocent person, and whether these reasons apply to aiding a person who, when rational and competent, asks to be killed or given the means to commit suicide.


J Hosp Palliat Nurs. Suicide aims to destruct life of a human person which is considered deprived of its dignity. After clinical diagnosis of cardiac death, organ procurement was performed by femoral vessel cannulation or quick laparotomy. It is suggested that with a thorough preparation and a strict separation of both procedures, organ donation after active euthanasia can strengthen patient autonomy euthanaska increase the number of donated organs. euthanaska


To conclude, advanced lung cancer patients who expressed a euthanasia wish were often determined. The main aim of regulating physician assistance in dying is to bring these practices into the open and to provide physicians with legal certainty.

A questionnaire containing open-ended questions was answered anonymously by first- and fifth-year medical students. In particular there appears to be little ethical difference between active and indirect euthanasia. Sedation was administered to 3 patients in response to recurrent requests.

A qualitative thematic analysis of lasif with patients making explicit requests for euthanasiamost-involved relative s and treating physician. We trust that classical Jewish sources might contribute to the establishment of clinical. Although the overall prevalence of ethics policies on euthanasia was low in Flemish nursing homes, institution administrators displayed growing.

This study reports the main findings, showing that most respondents are quite complacent with regard to breaches of the guideline that euthxnasia the patient ‘s consent as a prerequisite to performance of euthanasia. Non-voluntary euthanasia is now euthnasia justified by appealing to the social duty of citizens and the ethical pillar of beneficence. Opponents give priority to respect for life and identify such harmful effects. The concept of euthanasia would be very specifically limited by the exclusion of so-called passive forms of euthanasia and of omission as a possible procedure to cause death and the need for the explicit request of the patient involved.

Results suggest that quality of life in old age affects acceptability of euthanasia. The aim of our study was to examine nursing students’ attitudes to euthanasia in Shahrekord city in western Iran. For permissions, please e-mail: When medical treatment becomes futile, or the patient ‘s suffering is intractable, doctors face the agonising dilemma of whether to proceed with euthanasia. Results Five domains of suffering were identified: Arguments supporting euthanasia were based on 1.

In this review, I examine the ethical aspects of 6 forms of end of life care, explain the ethical arguments in support of euthanasiareview the history and verbiage of the United States regulations governing limiting and withdrawing life-prolonging interventions eutnanasia infants, describe the 3 categories of neonates for whom the Dutch provide euthanasiareview the published paif of the Dutch protocol, and finally present some practical considerations should some form of euthanasia ever be deemed appropriate.


Full Text Available ohn Arras argues against the legalization of physician- assisted suicide and active euthanasia on the basis of social costs that he anticipates will result from legalization. This investigation reviewed psychiatric Pasjf case summaries made available online by the Dutch regional euthanasia review committees as of June 1, Although over cases are conducted per year in the Netherlands, there is little known about how decision-making occurs and no guidance to support this difficult aspect of clinical practice.

Journal List Curr Oncol v. The growing interest in the subject of active euthanasia in connection with the debate regarding legalization of such practices in Denmark necessitates taking a definite standpoint. Further, when considering legalization of euthanasiathe perspectives of patients fearing the effects of legalization should also be taken into account, not only those of patients opting for it.

Bovens examines five arguments against extending euthanasia to minors, the arguments being weightiness, capability of discernment, pressure, sensitivity and sufficient palliative care.

Legalizing euthanasia or assisted suicide: the illusion of safeguards and controls

According to the specialist or GP, one in five patients had expressed a wish for euthanasia ; and three in four of these had made an explicit and repeated request. She visited a hospital in Amsterdam that has received requests from foreigners seeking euthansia. There are reliable demographic and personality differences in support for euthanasia. In this commentary it is argued that, following recent social developments in the Netherlands including cuts in provision of care for the elderly and of mental health care, and a narrowed view about end-of-life issuesthe official euthanasia criteria for due care are no longer suitable if we are to avoid a ‘slippery slope’ effect in cases such as those mentioned above.

Full Text Available The right to live is a right guaranteed by the constitution as well as international legal acts in force in a country, and is based on the moral of a society. Using General Social Survey data and multivariate logistic regression, I find that individuals’ views of the authorship and epistemological status of the Bible; the importance of the Bible in making decisions; and the frequency in which individuals read the Bible are associated with negative voluntary euthanasia attitudes, even when controlling for other religiosity and sociodemographic predictors.

Can a person’s decision on euthanasia be really autonomous? Procedural consultation and reporting requirements were not always met.